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Millions of coconut trees destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan  Comments (0)

We have posted often about the importance of coconut trees to Philippine culture and the economy.  The Philippines is the largest producer of coconuts in the world.

The devastating November, 2013 Super Typhoon, Haiyan (known as typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines) destroyed millions of coconut trees.

Many coconut trees in the area did not survive Haiyan’s 195 mph winds — the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded.

It takes from six to eight years for coconuts to produce, so many more years until small farms and large plantations are able to harvest coconuts from replanted trees.

Photo of Tacloban coconut trees by Eleanor Farmer/OxfamPhoto via The Guardian

Government estimates indicate between 25 percent and 33 percent of the Philippine population depend on coconuts for their livelihood (US Library of Congress).

And unless global warming issues that are increasing temperatures of our oceans and atmosphere are addressed, these super typhoons will only increase in strength, further exposing the islands and millions of people to more devastation.

The Philippines is the 12th most populous nation in the world, after Mexico.

Photo above shows uprooted coconut trees on a hill near the town of Guiuan in Eastern Samar province in the central Philippines on November 11, 2013 only days after Super Typhoon Haiyan devastated the town on November 8, in what is feared to be the country’s worst natural disaster.

Origins of this weekend’s special day…and origins of most orchids sold in today’s marketplace  Comments (0)

Quiz related to this weekend’s special day:

Out of all the days of the year, what day is the most popular day to eat out at restaurants in the United States?


  • In 1910, this day was proclaimed as an official holiday by the state of West Virgina — and other states soon followed
  • In 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved a stamp that commemorated this holiday.

Click on this Native Leaf blog post for the answer…

Orchids for sale at the market rd

Photo: In the Philippines, orchids are often sold at the market upside down like in these photos taken at a festival marketplace. You take your orchids home and place it in your own container or tie it to a post with growing mulch in your garden and backyard. Click on the photo to learn the origins of most orchids sold in the marketplace today…

Orchids for sale at the market 3 rd

Coconut Wine  Comments (0)

Related to the prior post and same book, here is a photo from over 100 years ago of a man climbing a coconut tree to collect coconut wine.

A section of bamboo strapped to his back is used as the wine container.

tuba gathering from coconut tree

Photo above from the book “The Philippine Islands” from the Gutenberg website, by Ramon Reyes Lala. It was published in 1898 by the Continental Publishing Company.

Coconut related Native Leaf post:

Excerpt:  The sap from birch and maple trees can also be made into wines, and palm wines from various palm trees or coconut palms (cocos nucifera) are popular in many parts of Asia and Africa.

In the Philippines, the freshly harvested coconut sap wine is referred to as “tuba” and is a popular alcohol beverage in the rural areas.  The distilled version of tuba is called lambanog…(read the article, here)


Lately, it seems all things coconut are available for sale just about everywhere.

Coconut bits, coconut milk, coconut butter lotion, coconut oil, coconut sugar and so on.

What I have noticed most of all, is  the proliferation of coconut juice brands  or coconut water for sale at local grocery stores.  Coconut water is the liquid inside green, young coconuts.

And it turns out that coconut water is one of the fastest growing beverage category in the U.S. and in the U.K…. (read the article, here)

Note: Click on the blog post title to comment if you cannot view the comment box.

natural packaging olive oil bags w egp for post

And  our home (market) pages to view Native Leaf’s uniquely textured, earth friendly wine bags or olive oil /dessert wine bottle containers, hand-crafted made from natural and sustainable materials.

Copra – source of coconut oil from the tree of life  Comments (0)

for copra

Photo: – Coconut meat sun-drying and headed for the copra trade

Coconut products — especially coconut water and coconut oil are very popular now.   Just about all parts of the coconut —  from the trunk, the fruit or seed,  to the fronds are used for local or commercial purpose.  Coconut oil is used for cooking, as well as in soaps and cosmetics.

Coconut oil is derived  from Copra — the dried meat from mature coconut seeds.  It is made by removing the husk and shell off the coconut and either sun-drying or kiln drying and smoking the meat.

Copra is a major agricultural product in coconut-producing countries and concentrated mostly in the Philippines — where the coconut tree is referred to as the tree of life —  as well as in India and Indonesia.

Growing up in the Philippines, I remember my cousin making his own copra as a way to earn money while barely a teenager, using a small bamboo kiln that he built along the hillside behind their home.

Although there are large coconut plantations that produce copra, most of the copra production in the Philippines still come from small family producers.

Driving around areas that produce copra (which is just about everywhere in the Philippines),  you will often see coconut meat for the copra trade drying along  the roadside, or in sacks atop of buses, jeeps and motorcycle put-puts headed to the warehouses of copra distributors.

Copra drying by the roadside

Copra drying by the roadside 1

I recently ran across an old book titled “The Philippine Islands” from the Gutenberg website by Ramon Reyes Lala.  It was published in 1898 by the Continental Publishing Company and had this description of the of  the coconut palm.

frontcover The Philippine IslandsExcerpt:

Cocoanut plantations are among the surest sources of revenue in the Philippines. The fruit is in demand in every market in the world—as much so as oranges and lemons; and every part of the tree can be sold.

…In many provinces this palm is cultivated for the oil only, which is then used either at home or is shipped to Europe.

In the European climate it is solid and is made into soap and candles. In the islands the heat reduces it to a liquid, which is used for oiling machinery, for lighting, and for cooking purposes.

…The majority of the inhabitants use cocoanut oil from reasons of economy. The factories are small bamboo huts, and the process primitive.

The nuts are first dried, then halved and scraped,—an easy process while the pulp is fresh.

The mass is then pressed, to express the oil, and the refuse boiled in order to obtain what is left of the fatty substance. This is skimmed off. The whole is then packed into kegs, and is ready for the markets of Manila or Madrid.

The meat of the nut is eaten as food by the natives, or made into sweets. The milk, or water, is a refreshing and harmless drink, and makes good vinegar also.   … Every part of the tree is used. The native dwells in a house made of the trunk and thatched with the leaves.

From it he obtains light, fire, rope, brushes, mats, furniture, clothing, and, in fact, all the necessaries of life.  In Europe and America the coir, or outer covering of the cocoanut shell, is made into ropes and cocoa-matting.

Today, coconut coir — made from the husk of the coconut seed —  is still used to create floor mats and in orchid potting mix or garden mulch/compost, and copra is still produced in small-scale farming environments.

Of  interest is the  description to make oil from coconut meat (copra), and that over 100 years later, the source is still mainly small farm producers.  Though thankfully, light is now derived from electricity and not coconut oil and mechanically expressing the oil from the copra is done at larger scales.

Did you know…The only U.S. states where coconuts can be grown are Hawaii and Southern Florida, and in micro climate areas of Texas and California (though in these micro-climate areas, the trees are susceptible to dying from occasional freezing temperatures).

Coconut related Native Leaf post:

Coconut Wood Napkin Rings 2Coconut products available  at Native Leaf are:

Do you know of other unique uses for coconut oil?  Is there a tree or plant from your culture as important as the coconut tree is to Filipinos?  Please comment  and let us know!  (Click on the blog title page to open comment box) — mj

That powerdery white, bluish-green mold on your lemon  Comments (0)

Has this happened to your lemons or other citrus you have taken home or picked from your tree?  Did you wonder (after thinking…ick! ) what is this powdery white, blue-green stuff, and why does it so quickly turn a perfectly nice lemon into a gooey moldy mess?

Mold on Lemon 1 web

A few months ago, we posted about the difference between the terms biodegradable and compostable (view post here).

In nature, mold helps food and other materials rot and is part of the composting process.   Mold is a recycler, since the rotten items return back to our soil and provides nutrients for other living things.

Because lemons have thick rinds that have aromatic oils, it can usually stop most types of mold…except that is,  for the penicillium digitatum—  a type of bluish-green mold that specializes in citrus.

After about a week outdoors (in Central California coastal weather)  the lemon looked like this… sort of mummified.  Indoors with warmer temperatures, the lemons can sometimes collapses into a gooey mess, and much quicker.

Mold on Lemon 2 web

Penicillium types of mold are common and usually not harmful to healthy people — it is one of most common causes of spoiling fruits and vegetables, and what makes blue cheese.

If you find one of your citrus fruits infected with mold, it is best to remove it (very carefully) from your lemon bowl as the spores can be easily dispersed and then infect the other lemons!

Natural Gift Basket Tote RAB4 Lemons rd

Bag of lemons in Native Leaf handwoven gift tote


Native Leaf Blog Post – Difference between the terms biodegradable and compostable

How to Put Moldy Food in Compost –  from

The Best Way to Keep Lemons Fresh – from the

Video below from Cornell Plant Pathology Lab shows a (36 seconds long) 12 day time-lapse movie of a lemon being devoured by the fungus Penicillium digitatum.

P. digitatum causes green mold, a common post harvest disease of citrus. This is the fungus you find in your fruit bowl… as you go to grab that juicy looking orange, your finger sinks into the soft rotten flesh not knowing Penicillium beat you to it. Images were taken at 15-minute intervals.

Japanese gift giving traditions (a box of mochi or manju?)  Comments (3)

We continue to learn about and add information to our blog pages on traditions of gift giving in other cultures.  For this post, we focus on Japanese gift giving traditions or “Omiyage”.

An article by Evelyn Iritani on Japanese Omiyage (Huffington Post Zester Daily: The culture of food and drink) provides great insight to this Japanese tradition that food lovers from ALL cultures can embrace.  Excerpt:

Omiyage is the tradition of gift-giving that permeates Japanese culture. Holiday celebrations. Business meetings. Travel abroad. The Japanese are a nation of gift-givers, and their stores are filled with exquisitely wrapped mementos of all shapes and sizes. You can give someone a bottle of expensive liquor, four individually wrapped apples or a beautiful box of mochi or manju, the chewy rice cakes filled with sweet bean paste.  Read the full article, here….

Have you had Japanese mochi or manju?

Many years ago, my younger sister and I stumbled into a tiny mochi store while in San Francisco’s Japantown area.  The mochis were a work of art… and heavenly to eat.

Of course having grown up in the Philippines, we are accustomed to rice flour-based and sweet bean (or yam) desserts, and instantly loved Japanese mochis — but they may not be to everyone’s liking.

manju-and-mochi at Benkyodo

Manju and mochi for sale at Benkyodo. Click on photo to link to Benkyodo’s website. Photo from Benkyodo.

The bakery — Benkyodo Company — is still operating, and all mochi / manju are made fresh daily.

The Benkyodo bakery celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2006 — and it is still much-loved — with over 600 yelp reviews averaging 4.5 stars!  If you are in the San Francisco Bay Area, the shop is located on the corner of Sutter and Buchanan in San Francisco’s Japantown.

There are also spots in San Jose’s Japantown that we plan to check out…have you eaten manju from Shuei-Do at 217 Jackson Street in San Jose?  The Japantown San Jose website posted the following information:

Manju are a Japanese delicacy. They come in all forms and colors, shapes and sizes. Some are baked, some put on sticks, some are made with sweet rice (mochi) and some made with rice powder. They are often filled with a sweet bean paste called “an”. Shuei-do was honored to have their manju served to the Emperor of Japan on their last visit to the United States.

Related posts:

Is zero waste possible? The city of San Francsico thinks so!  Comments (0)

Zero waste means sending NOTHING to the landfill or for incineration.

We recycle and reuse what we can…but  zero waste?  Can you imagine generating zero waste in your own household?

View of San Francisco from TI rd

Early evening panorama photo of picturesque and environmentally progressive city of San Francisco, California (population 825,863). Photo taken from Treasure Island, California

In a  study of metropolitan area cities in the U.S. and Canada called the North American Green Cities Index, San Francisco was named the greenest city in North America for its environmental performance and outlook.

zerowaste SF

Right now, 80% of  San Francisco’s waste is diverted from going to  landfills or for incineration.  Pretty good for a major U.S. city right?  But 80% is not good enough for a city with goals of Zero Waste by 2020.

One way to get to a goal of zero waste in 6 years is to tackle recycling of textiles — since it turns out that San Franciscans send 4,500 pounds of textile to the landfill every hour.

textiles clothes_pileAnd it turns out too, that much of the 39 million pounds of textiles the rest of us send to the U.S. waste stream each year can be reused or recycled into insulation material, or for flooring, packaging, or cushioning in stuffed toys, insoles, and bags.

With 82% of Americans now living in cities, implementing aggressive waste reduction goals is a must for metropolitan areas.

San Francisco — with its zero waste goals —  seems a model “green city” now, and a model for the future.

Related links:

The U.S. Zero Waste Business Council – Their vision: The U. S. Zero Waste Business Council will create a solid foundation that advances the integrity and credibility of Zero Waste. Zero Waste Businesses save money, are more efficient, manage risk, reduce litter and pollution, cut greenhouse gases, reinvest resources locally, and create jobs and more value for their business and the community.

San Francisco County Quick Facts from the US Census Bureau

SF zero waste textile bin

Click on the textile bin photo or here for San Francisco’s Zero Waste Textile Recycling Initiative (free textile collection bins for business, apartments, and for community groups).

What do you think about zero waste goals and programs?

Do you recycle all your textiles by donating to local organizations or would you use these textile drop off bins if these are available where you live or work?

Difference between terms biodegradable and compostable  Comments (1)

We often hear about or read the terms “biodegradable” and “compostable” — including here at the Native Leaf website.  Is there a difference or do the terms mean the same?

Biodegradable refers to natural materials like food, leaves and plant material that are decomposed by living organisms and bacteria.  When exposed to air, moisture, bacteria and other organisms, biodegradable items breaks back down to elements found in nature.

Mycetozoa haeckel plate print

Mycetozoa haeckel plate print text

Compostable generally means that a product can be composted right in one’s compost pile (garden or backyard) or sent to a local composting facility.

From the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Resource Conservation web page:

Compost is organic material that can be used as a soil amendment or as a medium to grow plants. Mature compost is a stable material with a content called humus that is dark brown or black and has a soil-like, earthy smell. It is created by: combining organic wastes (e.g., yard trimmings, food wastes, manures) in proper ratios into piles, rows, or vessels; adding bulking agents (e.g., wood chips) as necessary to accelerate the breakdown of organic materials; and allowing the finished material to fully stabilize and mature through a curing process.

Natural composting, or biological decomposition, began with the first plants on earth and has been going on ever since. As vegetation falls to the ground, it slowly decays, providing minerals and nutrients needed for plants, animals, and microorganisms. Mature compost, however, includes the production of high temperatures to destroy pathogens and weed seeds that natural decomposition does not destroy.

Our natural, artisan crafted gift packaging products are really simple.  All are made from leaves, plant material or 100% pure plant fiber from abaca (musa textilis), and are biodegradable, and compostable.

Recycle Globe

In terms of conservation and doing what we can for our environment, it’s a good idea to remember the “4-Rs” to reduce, reuse, recycle to rethink…and to compost whenever possible.

We, as consumers can be mindful of what products are truly biodegradable.  But even with our good intentions to buy biodegradable products, if we don’t compost in our backyard or send these items to a composting facility via our waste collection system, it could still end up at a landfill, where it takes up space and take decades to decompose (since landfills are constructed to keep air, sun, and water away).

And most all….definitely keep trash — all trash — out of our oceans, where some items like fishing lines can take up to 600 years to biodegrade or end up as part of the trash gyre polluting our oceans.

And speaking of the world-wide environmental problem of ocean trash and how long common items take to biodegrade, here is an informative chart from the Hawaii-based C-More (Center for Microbial Oceanography Research and Education) website:


Marine Debris Biodegradation Time Line

Time to degrade
phot of jar with marine debris
Paper towel 2-4 weeks
Newspaper 6 weeks
Cardboard box 2 months
Waxed milk carton 3 months
Apple core 2 months
Cotton gloves 1-5 months
Wool gloves 1 year
Plywood 1-3 years
Painted wooden sticks 13 years
Photo-degradable beverage holder 6 months
Plastic beverage holder 400 years
Plastic bags 10-20 years
Plastic bottle 100 years
Glass bottle and jars undetermined
Disposable diapers 50-100 years
Tin can 50 years
Aluminium can 200 years
Monofilament fishing line 600 years

Related: Trash and plastics vortex now the size of the state of Texas (North Pacific trash gyre)

Aromatic Lavender in our handwoven, natural abaca fiber pouch  Comments (0)

We are temporarily sold out of our lavender filled, hand-woven natural abaca fiber pouches.

1 and half cups lavender natural pouch

Lavender Natural Pouch Color Choices

We should have more after the holidays when we get a fresh supply of lavender flower buds from our local, Monterey county based farm source.

Note:  We fill our beautiful and natural abaca textile pouches filled with a generous 1 and 1/2 cups of high quality, super fragrant lavender flower buds from the french hybrid variety Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso”.

Field and bldg rd

We wish our customers and friends the merriest time during this holiday season, and a healthy and happy new year!

Santa Cruz Heritage Craft and Gift Fair  Comments (0)

We look forward to seeing you at the annual Santa Cruz Heritage Foundation Craft and Gift Fair, scheduled this weekend (and starting Friday).

Click on the banner below to link to the Heritage Foundation’s website for more information, or scroll to the bottom of this post for more information including Craft and Gift Fair hours.

Santa Cruz Heritage Craft Fair 2013


WHAT: Continuing the Tradition of a GREAT HOLIDAY EVENT in the Monterey Bay!

WHEN: December 6, 7 and 8

Friday Noon to 8pm
Saturday 10 to 4pm
Sunday 10 to 4pm

WHERE: Santa Cruz County Fairgrounds, Highway 152, Watsonville, California

Click here for directions (2601 E Lake Ave, Watsonville, CA 95076)


Artisan crafted gift basket totes and Kraft crinkle paper for the holiday season  Comments (0)

With the holidays and gift giving season coming up, we are highlighting our artisan crafted gift basket containers and Kraft crinkle paper made from 100% recycled content.

artisan crafted natural gift basket tote

Instead of paper boxes or run of the mill baskets, an alternative is our beautiful artisan crafted  natural gift packaging for your carefully chosen gifts.

Our gift basket totes fold flat to save on shipping cost…and for ease of storing these bags for re-use.

artisan crafted natural gift basket tote packaging

From holiday specialty food items to a hostess gift of flowering plants (orchids are among our favorites), our uniquely textured and eco friendly gift packaging will help elevate your gifts as well as your expression of thanks and appreciation.

The top gift basket photo on this post feature our square romblon leaf gift tote in the color rust red.  The square (above) and rectangle (below) gift basket totes with example of gift contents are featured in our mango yellow color.

artisan crafted natural gift basket totes

And if you need crinkle paper to construct and cushion your sumptuous gift baskets, we offer 100% recycled content crinkle paper packed in our reusable natural gift pouches.

Our crinkle paper are generously packed in two of our hand-woven, abaca (sinamay) pouches.  For the holiday gift giving season, orders of crinkle paper ships free with your purchase of ANY of our gift totes.  The shipping cost portion for the crinkle paper will be refunded to your credit card or PayPal account after we process your order.

Crinkle paper gift pouch color choices are  Indigo Blue, Aqua (teal) Blue, Moss Green, Lime Green, Mango Yellow, Terra Cotta and Orchid Pink

Click on the photos to view these items on our market pages, or click here to shop our market.

crinkle paper recycled kraft in artisan made natural pouches

The holidays are right around the corner…can you believe it?

Order early to make sure you have plenty of Native Leaf’s gift packaging on hand — our artisan crafted gift containers are always appreciated as much as the gift itself!

Paper use facts and statistics  Comments (0)

Here are interesting facts and statistics about paper use from a Worldwatch Institute study…

Worldwatch Institure Paper Use Facts

And until I saw these statistics from, I had no idea how many times we can recycle paper…


Great reason to recycle paper

As it turns out, quite a number of times.  Recycling paper is a great way we can all save resources, water, energy and reduce pollution!

Related Native Leaf post / links:

The recycling psychology…and why a half or torn piece of paper gets thrown away instead of recycled

The impact of recycling

Together we can make a difference…the “4-R’s

What type of trash is generated more than any other in the United States?

A bottle of olive oil… great gift giving traditions  Comments (0)

natural packaging olive oil bags w egp for post

Giving a gift of premium gourmet olive oil as a host / hostess gift is becoming more common (perhaps a new tradition?) in the United States.

Although most of the olive oil consumed by Americans are imported from olive growing areas of the Mediterranean basin, the number of U.S. olive farmers growing olive trees to harvest fruit for olive oil production — from California, Georgia, Oregon to Texas — is increasing every year.

Consumers are learning more about the health benefits of olive oil, and stores dedicated to premium olive oil tastings & sales are cropping up in many cities.

If you want to make your olive oil gift presentation special, we have the perfect natural packaging and bottle gift bags.

From tiny sampler bottles of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) in mini 60 ml bottles to more standard, 375 ml and 750 ml bottle size, we have the best, unique gift bags for your olive oil bottles!  Click on the gift bag photos above or below for more details…

trio_natural abaca_mini_gift_bags_rd2

Olive trees are native to the coast areas and the eastern part of the Mediterranean basin, south of the Caspian See,  and the northern parts of Iraq and Iran.

Illustration of Olive Oil plant 1887The olive tree – Olea europaea — is hardy and one of first known cultivated trees.  From the website on Olive Oil History:

Between the 7th and 3rd centuries B.C. Aristotle elevated olive cultivation to a science, other Greek scientists wrote about its history, made its botanical classification and analyzed the curative properties of olive oil. In the 6th century B.C. Solon introduced the first Olive Protection Law, by which he was convicting those who cut down a tree and the punishment for this was death. Solon also prohibited exports.

...In the period of Early Roman Empire, olive oil was considered luxury and was highly appreciated by the emperors who were even offering olive oil as a gift to the citizens for celebrations occasions. By 400 A.D. the Romans had invented the screw press producing oil in the way that continues as today.  Click here to read more on Olive Oil History.

Since it is getting easier for American shoppers to source the perfect bottle of olive oil to present to their host / hostess or as a housewarming gift for a new neighbor, a gift of delicious olive oil (instead of a bottle of wine or a bouquet of flowers) may become a tradition here, too.

I grew up in the Philippines and had to get accustomed to the taste of olive oil (or maybe the olive oils I had in my earlier years were not very fresh).  Now, I love the taste of fresh extra virgin olive oil.  We always have a bottle or two of EVOO in our kitchen to use as our primarily cooking oil or for drizzling on salads.

What are your gift giving traditions?  Are you starting something new for the holiday 2013 gift giving season?  What do you think about gourmet food gifts for the holidays?


Related post:

Japanese Gift Giving Traditions – a box of mochi or manju?

Extra virgin olive oil buying guide (article from SF Gate):  California had a bumper crop for olive oil production and this article links to competition award winners.

If you prefer gift boxes to gift bags, click on the photo below or here to view our long box, natural gift box page.

Wine Natural Gift Box and other gift ideas

Natural gift pouches – large size now available in variety color set of six…and FREE SHIPPING SPECIAL!  Comments (0)

We have updated our market abaca natural gift pouch page and you now have the option to order our beautiful, large size pouches in a mix color / variety color pack of 6.

natural gft pouch 2013

Click on the photos of our super sturdy, earth friendly, natural abaca textile pouches above or below to link to the updated page.

Exceptionally durable (and biodegradable / compostable), our natural fiber gift pouches are an earth-friendly alternative to paper gift wraps or petroleum-based plastic gift bags and nylon organza pouches.

Native Leaf’s eco-friendly natural gift packaging are always appreciated as much as the gift itself!

natural pouch gif mix size color set 4

We currently have special free shipping on orders of any combination of our abaca natural gift pouches and abaca / sinamay natural gift bags totaling $50 or more.  Your shipping costs will be refunded to your credit card or PayPal account after we process your order.

Related links:

Natural abaca POUCH sets market page

Natural abaca GIFT BAG sets market page

Unique coffee gift bags now available on our market pages  Comments (0)

eco friendly coffee bagsWe have added our uniquely textured coffee gift bags to our market pages, adding to the array of our natural packaging options and sizes available on our website.

A special bag of coffee is a great host / hostess gift and our stylish, Eco friendly gift bags are the perfect container to present your favorite 1 lb bag of coffee.

coffee bags fairly traded

Click on the coffee bag photos above or here to view our natural coffee gift bag market page.

coffee plant illustrationSome coffee trivia…

  • Originating in Ethiopia, coffee plants are now grown in over 70 countries
  • Upon ripening, the berries of coffee are picked, processed and dried before being roasted to different flavors
  • Over 150 million Americans drink coffee on a daily basis
  • Coffee is the most popular beverage sold at convenience stores
  • The top 10 producers of green (not roasted) coffee in the world are:
    1. Brazil
    2. Vietnam
    3. Columbia
    4. Indonesia
    5. India
    6. Ethiopia
    7. Peru
    8. Mexico
    9. Guatemala
    10. Honduras

Coffee Growing Map

Map above via Wikipedia commons shows areas of coffee production

  • r: cultivation of Coffea robusta
  • m: cultivation of Coffea robusta and Coffea arabica.
  • a: cultivation of Coffea arabica.

Arabica types of coffee beans are grown in Latin America, eastern Africa, Arabia, or Asia, while the Robusta type coffee beans are grown in western and central Africa, throughout southeast Asia,  and in Brazil.

What is your favorite coffee type / brand, and has it changed over the years?


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